Method and device for remote detection, even in presence of radiation or strong electromagnetic fields, of the breathing pattern (translation).
Patent no. 102005901279938 (MI2005A000106).
This method for detecting the trend of physiological activity such as breathing involves applying on the ribcage of a patient a detector device, within which an air chamber or similar flexible compartment is present. The latter is connected by means of flexible tubing to a processing unit: when the compartment is deformed due to breathing, the changes in air pressure are detected by the unit, that computes the respiratory profile, which can be displayed on a clinical monitor or computer screen.
Method and device for remote detection of motor acts performed by a person undergoing magnetic resonance and not determined by physiological function (translation).
Patent no. 102005901324378 (MI2005A001223).
This device for remotely detecting motor acts performed by a patient undergoing magnetic resonance imaging and not merely determined by physiological functions, includes means of interfacing with the user, sensitive to contact pressure applied by the user during performance of motor acts, and fluid-dynamical means of transmitting the signal containing the information about contact pressure to at least one signal acquisition and/or conditioning unit.
System and method for remote and non-invasive detection of physiological excretion and identification of the type of excretion (translation).
Patent no. 102015000066507 (UB2015A005242).
The invention pertains to a system for detecting physiological evacuation in a sanitary towel and identification of the type of evacuation. The system comprises a sensor including at least a pair of electrodes connected to an electrically-insulating material. The sensor is suitable for being applied to a sanitary towel so that, when the sanitary towel is worn by a person, an evacuation by the latter will be deposited at least partially between the electrodes. The system subject of invention further comprises a device to measure the voltage between the electrodes during repeated application to the same of electrical current at diverse frequencies. The measuring device is equipped with a transceiver of radiofrequency waves by means of which it can communicate the measured voltages to a processing unit which, based on the values obtained as a function of time and stimulation frequency, is capable of determining whether an evacuation has taken place in the sanitary towel, and if yes, to determine the type of evacuation.
System suitable for implementation in an integrated circuit to compare exactly DNA fragments with a reference genome (translation).
Patent no. 102016000051318 (UA2016A003590).
The invention refers to a system that can be implemented in an integrated circuit to accurately compare one or more fragments of an acid filament deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) with a filament of a reference genome for the entire length of the latter. Each nucleotide is encoded in the system object of invention by a pair of bits. The “core” of the system consists of a first matrix at the same time of memory and computational in which it has place the comparison between the reference genome and the DNA fragments from align. The first matrix is connected to a second matrix of switches for insertion into the first matrix of the reference genome, and a decoders and amplifiers for insertion into the first matrix of the fragments of DNA to align. The second matrix is connected to at least one serializer in turn connected to at least one first memory First-In-First-Out (FIFO) in which a sequence of bit pairs encoding one is memorized nucleotide sequence of the reference genome. The object system of invention also comprises first comparators integrated in the first matrix and suitable for comparing bit pairs of the reference genome with bit pairs of a DNA fragment to align. The first comparators are connected to first additions also integrated into the first matrix and in turn related to a second adder external to the first matrix for calculating the distance of Hamming between a DNA fragment to be aligned and a part of the genome of reference stored in the first matrix. The second adder is connected a second comparator for comparing the aforementioned distance of Hamming and a threshold value that can be stored in a register connected to the comparator. Finally, the system object of the invention includes a counter connected to the serializer and suitable to take into account the position in reference genome of each of the nucleotides corresponding to each of the pairs of bits that can be entered in the first array from the serializer via the second matrix. The counter is connected to a second FIFO memory whose enabling comes from the second comparator. In particular, said enabling it is such that the aforementioned position in the reference genome is memorable in the second memory each time the second comparator detects that the Hamming distance is lower than the threshold value stored in the aforementioned register. For each DNA fragment to be aligned, in the second memory therefore the positions in the reference genome can be stored in correspondence of which the Hamming distance between said DNA fragment and the genome tract originating from said position is lower than said threshold. International (US) version available here
Safety device capable of automatically interrupting current supply to an electric system upon occurrence of an anomalous event (translation).
Patent no. 102016000099185 (UA2016A007041).
The invention refers to an electrical safety device suitable for installation in a household, commercial, or industrial electrical system, downstream of the connection to the electrical distribution network and of the detachment, safety and measurement devices required by current regulations. The device matter of invention includes a plurality of electrical current and voltage measurement stages, by means of which it is capable of performing a complex and adaptive monitoring of a multitude of electrical parameters, which characterize the electrical system wherein the device is installed. The device also includes a rule-based knowledge-based system and/or a numerical classifier, supervised by a training system, through which the device matter of invention is capable of enacting both an immediate detachment of the electrical system from the distribution network whenever situations of “immediate danger” are detected based on the rules of the knowledge-based system, and a delayed detachment whenever “atypical” situations are detected by the numerical classifier and safe operation is not confirmed by the user of the device. The device is also suitable for integration with sensors which may detect situations of secondary danger for the functioning of the electrical system, such as earthquakes, floods, fires and gas leaks. The device matter of invention, furthermore, is suitable for interconnection to radiofrequency-based information transmission systems, for example for remote notification of an imminent or past detachment action, for transmission of information related to the current or historical state of the electrical system, or for interaction with other devices potentially located nearby the location where the device is installed, such as home automation equipment, power meters and the devices embedded in the electrical distribution network itself.
International (EU/EPO) version available here
Brain-computer interface system suitable for synchronizing one or more nonlinear dynamical systems with the brain activity of a person
PCT application no. WO2021019776A1
Brain-computer interface systems aim to extract purposeful commands from physiological signals, such as the electroencephalogram, usually for assisting a disabled user in performing useful actions. The present invention pertains to such a system with increased accuracy and flexibility. Rather than being processed directly, the recorded signals are fed to one or more nonlinear dynamical systems driven by them and realized physically or simulated numerically. Commands are then extracted from the temporal activity of these systems rather than directly from the recorded signals. By means of insightful choice of the system type, parameters and coupling scheme, this approach can reveal and enhance the features of physiological activity that are relevant to command decoding, and attenuate all the others, beyond what is possible based on the state of the art.
International (EU/EPO) version available here